Honshu is Japan's largest, most populous and most visited island. Home to the capital Tokyo and the cities of Kyoto, Osaka and Hiroshima, it's the island many travellers envisage when they think of Japan. Separating the Sea of Japan from the North Pacific Ocean, Honshu boasts an extensive coastline with perhaps some of the country's most extreme landscapes contained within its borders. From the peaks of Mount Fuji and the Japanese Alps, to the coastal lowlands, Honshu is predominantly mountainous and volcanic, and home to the Shinano River - Japan's longest.
Culturally and historically, Honshu is the heart and soul of Japan. It is where you will find historic and current capitals, as political power changed hands across the centuries. It's also where you'll find the majority of Japan's UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including Nara, Nikko and Himeji Castle. Unsurprisingly, it's this offering of sights that draw visitors and where many first-timers begin their exploration of Japan.
Well connected by high-speed trains, it's both easy and enjoyable to get around Honshu and combine many of these popular sights in one itinerary.